A mild traumatic brain injury induced by biomechanical forces. It could be caused by either a direct blow to the head, neck, face or elsewhere on the body with an spontaneous force transmitted to the head, that could results in the rapid onset of short-lived impairment of neurological function that resolves spontaneously. In some cases, signs and symptoms evolve over a number of minutes to hours.
Headache, DizzinessandBalance problems, Cognitive Disturbance, Memory/ConcentrationImpairment, Visual Disturbance, Fatigue, Psychological Distress, Nausea, 12.6% have neck pain.
How to predict the recovery?
Symptoms = Unreliable
Imaging? – couldn’t be investigate by any imaging or lab testing.
- Absolute rest is no longer the best approach.
- 2-3 days of rest is max, then start pushing back into cognitive & physical activity that doesn’t provoke symptoms.
- Concussion can result in various symptoms and problems, and can be coupled with concurrent injury to the cervical spine and peripheral vestibular system.
- Treatments includepsychological, cervical, and vestibular rehabilitation