Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is a condition characterized by stiffness and pain in your shoulder joint. Signs and symptoms typically begin gradually, worsen over time and then resolve, usually within one to three years.
Frozen shoulder typically develops slowly, and in three stages.
Freezing stage: Any movement of your shoulder causes pain, and your shoulder’s range of motion starts to become limited.
Frozen stage: Pain may begin to diminish during this stage. However, your shoulder becomes stiffer, and using it becomes more difficult.
Thawing stage: The range of motion in your shoulder begins to improve.
The bones, ligaments and tendons that make up your shoulder joint are encased in a capsule of connective tissue. Frozen shoulder occurs when this capsule thickens and tightens around the shoulder joint, restricting its movement.
- Age and sex – People 40 and older, particularly women, are more likely to have frozen shoulder.
- Immobility or reduced mobility – People who’ve had prolonged immobility or reduced mobility due to rotator cuff injury, broken arm, stroke, recovery from surgery are in high risk for frozen shoulder.
- Systemic diseases – Diseases that might increase risk include: Diabetes, overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), cardiovascular disease, tuberculosis, parkinson’s disease
Physiotherapist teaches you range-of-motion exercises to help recover as much mobility in your shoulder as possible. Physiotherapist will be mobilizing your shoulder joint and releasing soft tissue to reduce pain and to improve mobility.